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Myanmar has a 5-4-2 formal education structure. Primary school has an official entry age of five and a duration of five grades. Primary is broken down into lower- (grades 1-3) and upper primary (grades 4-5). The first grade of primary may also be referred to as 'reception year' or 'kindergarten'. Secondary school is divided into two cycles: lower secondary consists of grades 6 - 9, and upper secondary consists of grades 10 - 11. Lower secondary is also referred to as 'middle school', and upper secondary as 'high school.' In principle, primary school is free and compulsory. Students sit for an exam at the end of grade 5, the Basic Education Middle School exam at the end of grade 9, and the Basic Education High School exam at the end of upper secondary. The school year is broken down into two semesters and lasts roughly 36 weeks. (UNESCO IBE, World Data on Education. Revised 4/2011).
Among other data sources, unique EPDC data collections for Myanmar include household survey data from MICS (2000), and indicators derived from UIS data.
For an overview of current education conditions in Myanmar, please view our education profiles.
Last updated: 9/2012
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