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Completion and progression
Completion and progression indicators convey information about pupil flow through the school system. These indicators are sometimes interpreted as measures about the internal efficiency of a school system or the extent to which children are accumulating knowledge; however, blanket policies of automatic promotion, promotion based on seat quotas, and other concerns confound the issue. Dropout, promotion and repetition represent the three pathways students may follow as they progress from one school year to the next, and consequently, for a given school system and year these three rates should add up to 100%.
Unless otherwise noted, completion rates reported in the EPDC database are actually proxy completion rates. As a proxy for completion, we use the gross intake ratio to the last grade of the school level in question, using official enrollment data and the data on the population of the respective age.
- Efficiency: A Study of Promotion-, Repetion- and Dropout Rates among Pupils in Four Age-groups in Sub-Saharan Africa
- Modeling Methodology and Assumptions in HIPE-Trend Based Model
- Is universal education within reach? Results from EPDC education projections
- Long Path to Achieving Education for All: School Access, Retention, and Learning in 20 Countries
- The Nickels and Dimes of Education for All: The expansion of primary education in Sub-Saharan Africa
- Making Waves: The Rising Demand for Secondary Education in Sub-Saharan Africa
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