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Research

Effectiveness of Read-Aloud Instruction on Reading and Math Outcomes: Evidence from Northern Nigeria

Type: Research
Year of Publishing: 2018
Keywords: Read-Aloud, Reading, Mathematics, Early Grade
This paper evaluates the net causal effects of Read-Aloud (RA) story lessons on reading and math learning outcomes in 199 second grade classrooms in northern Nigeria. We employ a cluster-randomized controlled trial to assess the efficacy of two types of RAs. The first type uses local language stories, accompanied by vocabulary instruction and comprehension questions. The second follows the same structure, but is math-themed and includes a set of math exercises. The treatments are delivered to students in the treatment schools for 35 minutes weekly over the duration of the school year.

The Effects of Armed Conflict on Educational Attainment and Inequality

Type: Research
Year of Publishing: 2018
Keywords: Armed Conflict, Ethnic Conflict, Educational Attainment, Educational Inequality, Difference-in-Differences, Propensity Score Matching
We exploit the variation in the timing of conflict between countries using a difference-in-differences matching strategy to identify the impacts of armed conflict on years of schooling and educational inequality. We draw upon data from the Uppsala Conflict Data Program and the Ethnic Power Relations databases, which enable us to distinguish between ethnic and non-ethnic conflicts. Further, we are able to identify the effect of conflict onset as well as the incidence of conflict in years following onset.

The Long-Term Effects of Universal Primary Education: Evidence from Ethiopia, Malawi, and Uganda

Type: Research
Year of Publishing: 2018
Keywords: Universal primary education, natural experiment, instrumental variables, educational attainment, gender gap, sexual and reproductive health, labor supply
This paper exploits the roll out of universal primary education (UPE) policies in Ethiopia, Malawi, and Uganda as natural experiments to assess their long-term causal effects on schooling attainment, adolescent sexual and reproductive health behavior, and economic outcomes. We use data from the Living Standards Measurement Survey (LSMS) and Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) to exploit plausibly exogenous variation in UPE eligibility as determined by individuals’ year of birth.

The Role of Secondary Education Tuition Fees in Enrollment Behavior in Malawi

Type: Research
Year of Publishing: 2016
Keywords: Secondary education, Malawi, tuition
This study employs a regression discontinuity design to estimate the impact of tuition fees on secondary school enrollment in Malawi. We provide evidence that tuition fees act as a signicant barrier to enrollment at the secondary school level. Moreover, we estimate that enrollment is about 17.5-20.2 percentage points (33,602-38,756 students in 2011) lower than it would have been if tuition were free.

Violent Conflict and Educational Inequality Literature Review

Type: Research
Year of Publishing: 2016
Keywords: Education inequality, conflict
In this review, we consider the body of research on conflict and educational opportunity. We begin by exploring the multitude of potential ways in which conflict disrupts the education system. We then turn to evidence on how conflict changes educational inequality – going from general impacts to effects and damages for specific subpopulations.

Education Inequality and Violent Conflict: Evidence and Policy Considerations

Type: Research
Year of Publishing: 2016
Keywords: Education inequality, conflict
Equity is at the heart of the new global development agenda, with the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) prioritizing a fair, inclusive world, where futures are not determined by one's wealth, ethnicity, sex, or other socioeconomic factors. This policy brief summarizes EPDC research findings produced under UNICEF's Learning for Peace program. The relationship between education inequalities and violent conflict finds strong empirical support, particularly in the years after 2000.

The Economic Costs of Educational Inequality in Developing Countries

Type: Research
Year of Publishing: 2016
Keywords: Inequality, economic costs, Oaxaca-Blinder decomposition

The Effects of Armed Conflict on Educational Attainment and Inequality

Type: Research
Year of Publishing: 2016
Keywords: Conflict, inequality, educational attainment
We use the variation in the timing of conflict between countries using a difference-in-differences matching strategy to identify the impacts of armed conflict on years of schooling and educational inequality. We draw upon data from the Uppsala Conflict Data Program and the Ethnic Power Relations databases, which enable us to distinguish between ethnic and non-ethnic conflicts. Further, we are able to identify the effect of conflict onset as well as the incidence of conflict in years following onset.

Universal, but not Free: Household Schooling Costs and Equity Effects of Uganda's Universal Secondary Education Policy

Type: Research
Year of Publishing: 2016
Keywords: Equity, universal secondary education
EPDC recently conducted an analysis of Uganda's Universal Secondary Education (USE) policy, and findings were published in the International Journal of Educational Development. From the abstract: "A general consensus regarding universal schooling policies is that they have boosted enrollments while ignoring the quality of learning, although there is burgeoning research interest in the extent to which such policies have contributed to more equitable educational delivery.

Making Waves: The Rising Demand for Secondary Education in Sub-Saharan Africa

Type: Research
Author(s): Rachel Hatch
Year of Publishing: 2015
Keywords: Secondary education, youth, projections
Greater participation in secondary education supports the advancement of human capital linked to economic growth, democracy-building, improved health, greater equity across society, and the development of a capable and competitive workforce. However, many youth never reach secondary school in Sub-Saharan Africa, which limits their life opportunities as well as national development trajectories more broadly. This brief quantifies what we can expect in terms of demand for secondary education in the coming decade, with a focus on Sub-Saharan Africa and on lower secondary education.

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