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Effectiveness of Read-Aloud Instruction on Reading and Math Outcomes: Evidence from Northern Nigeria

Type: Research
Year of Publishing: 2018
Keywords: Read-Aloud, Reading, Mathematics, Early Grade
This paper evaluates the net causal effects of Read-Aloud (RA) story lessons on reading and math learning outcomes in 199 second grade classrooms in northern Nigeria. We employ a cluster-randomized controlled trial to assess the efficacy of two types of RAs. The first type uses local language stories, accompanied by vocabulary instruction and comprehension questions. The second follows the same structure, but is math-themed and includes a set of math exercises. The treatments are delivered to students in the treatment schools for 35 minutes weekly over the duration of the school year.

The Long-Term Effects of Universal Primary Education: Evidence from Ethiopia, Malawi, and Uganda

Type: Research
Year of Publishing: 2018
Keywords: Universal primary education, natural experiment, instrumental variables, educational attainment, gender gap, sexual and reproductive health, labor supply
This paper exploits the roll out of universal primary education (UPE) policies in Ethiopia, Malawi, and Uganda as natural experiments to assess their long-term causal effects on schooling attainment, adolescent sexual and reproductive health behavior, and economic outcomes. We use data from the Living Standards Measurement Survey (LSMS) and Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) to exploit plausibly exogenous variation in UPE eligibility as determined by individuals’ year of birth.

Education Inequality and Violent Conflict: Evidence and Policy Considerations

Type: Research
Year of Publishing: 2016
Keywords: Education inequality, conflict
Equity is at the heart of the new global development agenda, with the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) prioritizing a fair, inclusive world, where futures are not determined by one's wealth, ethnicity, sex, or other socioeconomic factors. This policy brief summarizes EPDC research findings produced under UNICEF's Learning for Peace program. The relationship between education inequalities and violent conflict finds strong empirical support, particularly in the years after 2000.

Horizontal Inequality in Education and Violent Conflict Literature Review

Type: Research
Year of Publishing: 2015
Keywords: education, inequality, conflict
After offering a rationale for studying education inequalities and violent conflict, and introducing the concept of horizontal inequalities, we offer a brief overview of the approach and methodology for selecting the literature to be used in the review. This is followed by a review of literature on group identity and its measurement in conflict literature, with a particular focus on horizontal inequality. Finally, we discuss the literature on educational inequality, as well as the studies and evidence to date. 

Investment in Equity and Peacebuilding: South Africa Case Study

Type: Research
Year of Publishing: 2015
Keywords: equity, peacebuilding, education
Investment in Equity and Peacebuilding: South Africa Case Study by Family Health International 360 (FHI 360)’s Education Policy and Data Center (EPDC) is a mixed-methods case study, carried out as part of UNICEF’s Peacebuilding, Education, and Advocacy (PBEA) Programme, that examines the relationship of investments in educational equity and in social capital on social cohesion in South Africa. Much of South Africa’s modern history is marked by institutionalized inequality and the mass struggle against it.

Investment in Equity and Peacebuilding: Uganda Case Study

Type: Research
Year of Publishing: 2015
Keywords: equity, peacebuilding, education inequality, conflict
This is a mixed-methods case study into the relationship between investment in educational equity and peacebuilding in Uganda, carried out as part of UNICEF’s Peacebuilding and Education Advocacy (PBEA) program. In the aftermath of a long-running conflict in the north of the country, the government has instituted policy reforms to equalize educational delivery for marginalized populations, and to promote peacebuilding.

Does Horizontal Education Inequality Lead to Violent Conflict?

Type: Research
Year of Publishing: 2015
Keywords: education inequality, conflict

National Learning Assessment Mapping Project

Type: Research
Author(s): EPDC
Year of Publishing: 2015
Keywords: NLAMP, national learning assessments, learning outcomes, Learning Metrics Task Force
In this policy brief we map the landscape of national assessments and outline the ways in which the seven domains of the Learning Metrics Task Force (LMTF) are reflected in the current priorities of national education systems. Using publicly available data sources, NLAMP collected national assessment metadata from 125 countries from all six regions of the world, and created a database of over 300 assessments, categorizing their subject focus areas, which learning domains they fall in, and at which point in the schooling cycle they are administered.

The Nickels and Dimes of Education for All: The expansion of primary education in Sub-Saharan Africa

Type: Research
Year of Publishing: 2014
Keywords: Education finance, ODA, completion, retention, foreign aid, economic development, Sub-Saharan Africa

Literacy data: More, but not always better

Type: Research
Year of Publishing: 2014
Keywords: Literacy, Uganda, learning outcomes, learning assessments
For International Literacy Day, EPDC examined the usefulness and comparability of different types of literacy data across the globe. This policy brief discusses the analysis, with specific examples drawing from Uganda.

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