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EPDC Research

Education Inequality and Violent Conflict: Evidence and Policy Considerations

Type: Research
Year of Publishing: 2016
Keywords: Education inequality, conflict
Equity is at the heart of the new global development agenda, with the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) prioritizing a fair, inclusive world, where futures are not determined by one's wealth, ethnicity, sex, or other socioeconomic factors. This policy brief summarizes EPDC research findings produced under UNICEF's Learning for Peace program. The relationship between education inequalities and violent conflict finds strong empirical support, particularly in the years after 2000.

The Economic Costs of Educational Inequality in Developing Countries

Type: Research
Year of Publishing: 2016
Keywords: Inequality, economic costs, Oaxaca-Blinder decomposition

The Effects of Armed Conflict on Educational Attainment and Inequality

Type: Research
Year of Publishing: 2016
Keywords: Conflict, inequality, educational attainment
We use the variation in the timing of conflict between countries using a difference-in-differences matching strategy to identify the impacts of armed conflict on years of schooling and educational inequality. We draw upon data from the Uppsala Conflict Data Program and the Ethnic Power Relations databases, which enable us to distinguish between ethnic and non-ethnic conflicts. Further, we are able to identify the effect of conflict onset as well as the incidence of conflict in years following onset.

Universal, but not Free: Household Schooling Costs and Equity Effects of Uganda's Universal Secondary Education Policy

Type: Research
Year of Publishing: 2016
Keywords: Equity, universal secondary education
EPDC recently conducted an analysis of Uganda's Universal Secondary Education (USE) policy, and findings were published in the International Journal of Educational Development. From the abstract: "A general consensus regarding universal schooling policies is that they have boosted enrollments while ignoring the quality of learning, although there is burgeoning research interest in the extent to which such policies have contributed to more equitable educational delivery.

Making Waves: The Rising Demand for Secondary Education in Sub-Saharan Africa

Type: Research
Author(s): Rachel Hatch
Year of Publishing: 2015
Keywords: Secondary education, youth, projections
Greater participation in secondary education supports the advancement of human capital linked to economic growth, democracy-building, improved health, greater equity across society, and the development of a capable and competitive workforce. However, many youth never reach secondary school in Sub-Saharan Africa, which limits their life opportunities as well as national development trajectories more broadly. This brief quantifies what we can expect in terms of demand for secondary education in the coming decade, with a focus on Sub-Saharan Africa and on lower secondary education.

Horizontal Inequality in Education and Violent Conflict Literature Review

Type: Research
Year of Publishing: 2015
Keywords: education, inequality, conflict
After offering a rationale for studying education inequalities and violent conflict, and introducing the concept of horizontal inequalities, we offer a brief overview of the approach and methodology for selecting the literature to be used in the review. This is followed by a review of literature on group identity and its measurement in conflict literature, with a particular focus on horizontal inequality. Finally, we discuss the literature on educational inequality, as well as the studies and evidence to date. 

Investment in Equity and Peacebuilding: South Africa Case Study

Type: Research
Year of Publishing: 2015
Keywords: equity, peacebuilding, education
Investment in Equity and Peacebuilding: South Africa Case Study by Family Health International 360 (FHI 360)’s Education Policy and Data Center (EPDC) is a mixed-methods case study, carried out as part of UNICEF’s Peacebuilding, Education, and Advocacy (PBEA) Programme, that examines the relationship of investments in educational equity and in social capital on social cohesion in South Africa. Much of South Africa’s modern history is marked by institutionalized inequality and the mass struggle against it.

Investment in Equity and Peacebuilding: Uganda Case Study

Type: Research
Year of Publishing: 2015
Keywords: equity, peacebuilding, education inequality, conflict
This is a mixed-methods case study into the relationship between investment in educational equity and peacebuilding in Uganda, carried out as part of UNICEF’s Peacebuilding and Education Advocacy (PBEA) program. In the aftermath of a long-running conflict in the north of the country, the government has instituted policy reforms to equalize educational delivery for marginalized populations, and to promote peacebuilding.

Does Horizontal Education Inequality Lead to Violent Conflict?

Type: Research
Year of Publishing: 2015
Keywords: education inequality, conflict

National Learning Assessment Mapping Project

Type: Research
Author(s): EPDC
Year of Publishing: 2015
Keywords: NLAMP, national learning assessments, learning outcomes, Learning Metrics Task Force
In this policy brief we map the landscape of national assessments and outline the ways in which the seven domains of the Learning Metrics Task Force (LMTF) are reflected in the current priorities of national education systems. Using publicly available data sources, NLAMP collected national assessment metadata from 125 countries from all six regions of the world, and created a database of over 300 assessments, categorizing their subject focus areas, which learning domains they fall in, and at which point in the schooling cycle they are administered.

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